"Two eggs a day are enough!": Many of us grew up with this principle, because the egg had not had a particularly good reputation for many years. There were and are many reasons for this, from too much cholesterol and calories to contamination by Salmonella or dioxin.
However, experts now row back and assume that eating several eggs a day is also not a problem. Therefore, the scrambled egg at Easter breakfast can also consist of three instead of two eggs.
Eggs are one of the most nutritious foods
Whether it is supposedly unhealthy cholesterol, too many calories or Salmonella contamination: Many people still eat only a few eggs for fear of health problems. However, experts repeatedly stress that the worry is exaggerated and the egg is far from as bad as its reputation. Because it is one of the most nutrient-rich foods in that, in addition to fat and valuable proteins, it is rich in vital vitamins (D, B, K), minerals (e.g. calcium, phosphorus, iron) and trace elements. The lecithin, which is also contained, protects the liver, promotes nerve strength and improves concentration and memory.
“Eggs are the nutrient supply for the newborn chick. It is therefore understandable that they contain a lot of good nutrients, ”Berthold Koletzko told the news agency“ dpa ”. The current warning about the high amount of "bad" cholesterol is therefore just as little true as the assumption that spinach contains a lot of iron, according to the head of the metabolic and nutritional medicine department at Dr. von Haunerschen Children's Hospital at the University of Munich.
The body only absorbs part of the cholesterol
The role of hen's egg in cholesterol metabolism is therefore less significant than is often assumed: "It is much more important whether we fry eggs in unsaturated fat from vegetable oil or in saturated fat from lard, for example, which increases the cholesterol in the blood much more." An egg has about 400 milligrams of cholesterol, "that sounds a lot," says Koletzko. However, this amount cannot normally be dangerous for the body, because special mechanisms in the digestive system ensure that it does not absorb too much cholesterol from the food into the blood.
In addition, the body produces most of the fat-like substance itself, because it is needed for the production of bile, hormones and vitamin D and is also an important component of the cell walls. "Of all the cholesterol that we deposit in the blood vessels, are two thirds homemade. Only a third comes from food, ”explains Koletzko. But not only eggs play a role here, but instead is also in other foods such as Milk, butter, meat and sausages contain a lot of cholesterol.
Bad fats in liver sausage and chips
If cholesterol is ingested through food, the body automatically reduces its own production in order to keep the cholesterol levels in the blood stable. On the other hand, saturated fat acids, which can be found in liver sausage, roast pork, chips and chips, have a negative impact on blood fat levels. This increases the value of “bad” LDL cholesterol, which is deposited on the walls of the blood if the blood concentration is too high, thereby increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
The exaggerated worry about the supposedly unhealthy egg cholesterol bomb seems unfounded. In the United States, the cholesterol warning for foods like eggs and butter has already been lifted in light of the latest findings. The German Nutrition Society (DGE), on the other hand, continues to recommend moderate consumption of a maximum of three eggs per week. Processed egg is already included in foods such as mayonnaise, pasta, soups, sauces and baked goods, explains Silke Restemeyer from the DGE in an interview with “dpa”. But this assessment does not seem to be set in stone either: "The egg issue is being put to the test here," the expert continues.
Scandal company recalls eggs for Salmonella
In addition to cholesterol, there are other aspects that unsettle many consumers. It was only in the summer of last year that the controversial company "Bayern-Ei" started another recall because of suspected Salmonella. The company was previously suspected of being responsible for a Europe-wide salmonella outbreak in 2014, in which hundreds of people contracted salmonellosis and at least two people died. Also in 2014 chicken eggs with dioxin were discovered in Lower Saxony, which can lead to hormonal imbalances or even cancer.
However, cases like this do not mean that eggs per se pose a health risk. Because dioxins e.g. When they are burned and are also deposited in the soil, chickens in organic farming can also absorb this under certain circumstances. Organic chickens can also theoretically become infected with Salmonella more quickly, since they are kept less sterile compared to cage chickens and do not receive any preventive medication.
But researchers at the Technical University of Munich found, according to the “dpa”, that both the animals and the eggs from biological husbandry are not more contaminated with germs than those from conventional farms. From Koletzko's point of view, even more than two eggs a day are not a problem, "and there can be three at Easter." Many consumers seem to be taking this into account anyway: While an average of around nine to ten eggs are purchased per capita in other months, the number increases to around eleven to twelve in the Easter month, Margit Beck from the industry information service Marktinfo Eier und Geflügel (MEG) informs. "The supply situation in the European egg markets is so good that we can easily cover the additional consumption," the market analyst told the news agency. (No)